In 1789 two Dutch pioneers - physician Jan Rudolph Deiman and merchant Adriaan Paets van Troostwijk - for the first time in history decomposed water (H2O) into its constitutes hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) using an electrostatic machine and a Leyden Jar.
Presently hydrogen is identified as a key enabling energy carrier in a renewable energy system. Integration of H2 in the energy system can reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, improve the security of energy supply, and facilitate a paradigm shift in the implementation of sustainable energy technology.
The production of H2 by means of the electrolysis of water is gaining more and more interest worldwide as an option for load-levelling of electricity generated from renewable sources and for distributed hydrogen production for mobility applications.
- Hydrogen is the lightest and most abundant element in the universe
- H2 features a high gravimetric energy density
- H2 is a multi-versatile and intrinsically clean fuel
- Hydrogen can be produced out of water
- When combusted only water is produced
- H2 can be stored over prolonged periods without loosing energy
………I believe that water will one day be employed as fuel,
that hydrogen and oxygen which constitute it, used singly or together, will furnish an inexhaustible source of heat and light, of an intensity of which coal is not capable……… [Jules Verne - The Mysterious Island (1874)]